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M.R.P.

Details of the Research Projects and Grants: 2010-2015

Sl. No

Faculty Members

Department

Grant Utilized

Duration

Status

1.

Dr. V. V. Bengeri

Commerce

Rs. 1,30,000/-

2010-12

Completed

2.

Dr. B. S. Kamble

Economics

Rs. 1,28,000/-

2010-12

Completed

3.

Shri. C. V. Koppad

Commerce

Rs. 40,000/-

2010-12

Completed

4.

Shri. C. B. Kamati

History

Rs. 40,000/-

2010-12

Completed

5.

Dr. R. G. Kharabe

Physics

Rs. 40,000/-

2009-11

Completed

6.

Dr. M. B. Kothale

Physics

Rs. 1,55,000/-

2012-14

On going

7.

Dr. A. S. Jaganure

Chemistry

Rs. 1,60,000/-

2013-15

On going

8.

Dr. S. B. Solabannavar

Chemistry

Rs.1,50,000/-

2013-15

On going

 

“DIELECTRIC BEHAVIOUR OF FERRITE-FERROELECTRIC COMPOSITES”

Dr. M. B. Kothale

Principal Investigator Department of Physics,

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The composite materials of ferrite-ferroelectric show interesting results to the researchers in the recent years. The properties of composites are far superior to those of the conventional materials. The ME effect has been observed in composites but it is absent in ferrite phase as well as ferroelectric phase. The studies on the physical properties of ferrite-ferroelectric composites gives an opportunity to understand the ferrite and ferroelectric phases and in composite form. The ME effect has been observed in composite material, it arises due to the mechanical coupling between the two phases. The physical properties of composites are influenced by volume fraction of the phases, particle size and sintering process.

The magnetoelectric composites are prepared by the usual ceramic method. In this method the ferrite and ferroelectric phases are prepared separately. The ferrite and ferroelectric powder is mixed in proper proportions to get the respective composite material. The ferrite powder, ferroelectric powder and composite powder are sintered at certain temperature and shaped in the form of pellets, toroids etc. and once again sintered at high temperature. The literature survey suggest that the work on the ferrite-ferroelectric composite is relatively scant and most of the available work is confined to the measurement of ME conversion factor.

In the present work Cu-Co ferrite is selected. The samples of ferrite chosen is Cu0.4Co0.6Fe2O4. The ferroelectric phase selected is BaTiO3 doped with Pb and Zr . The composites are prepared by these two phases taking proper proportion. The composites prepared in the present case contain higher content of ferroelectric phase. The Cu-Co ferrite chosen because John-Teller ion can induce mechanical distortion of the ferrite lattice. This distortion of the ferrite lattice induces a stress in nearby ferroelectric lattice to yield high ME output in the composites. The following studies will be made during the course of this work by synthesizing and characterizing the ferrite-ferroelectric composites.

  • Preparation of ferrite, ferroelectric and their composites by ceramic method.

  • X-ray studies to confirm both the phases and to understand the lattice parameter, x-ray density, physical density and porosity.

  • Electrical properties like dielectric studies, and a.c. conductivity.

  • D C resistivity to understand the conduction mechanism.


  • SYNTHESIS AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF SOME NEW QUINAZOLINONE DERIVATIVES USING MICROWAVES

    Dr. S. B. SOLABANNAVAR

    Principal Investigator Department of Chemistry

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    Quinazolinones constitute an important class of heterocyclic with a wide range of pharmacological, physiological, and biological activities, such as anticancer, antidituric, anticonvulsant, ant fertility, antibacterial and antifungal.

    A literature survey showed that several methods for the synthesis of quinazolinone compounds were reported, these procedures have certain limitations such as tedious process, long reaction times, harsh reaction conditions and poor yields.

    Here we report a new method of synthesis of quinazolinones using Mono morillonite K3, Seralite SRC-120 as catalyst in the reaction of Isotoic anhydride, amine and aldehyde using microwave irradiation.

    Another method in which Isotoic anhydride, aromatic aldehyde and ammonium salts such as ammonium carbonate, ammonium chloride and ammonium acetate were used as the source of ammonia in presence of Seralite SRC-120 using microwave irradiation.


    Employability of Rural Youth with reference to Belgaum District

    Shri C.V.Koppad

    Associate Professor of Commerce

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    India's strength lies in its youth. 40% of total population is between the age group of 15 to 35 years. Of the 40% population of youth, 90% lives in villages. The major portion of youth population remaines unemployed. India produces more software engineers than the USA. Tamil Nadu, which had less than a dozen engineering colleges in 1980, has more than 200 today. Five lakhs Indians are taking software training courses every year. In November 2008, the unemployment rate for the State (i.e. in the local authority area) was identical to that for Belgaum as a whole at 20.0%. Athani, Chikkodi, Gokak, Raibag and Hukkeri are the most northerly rural linked urban areas of Belgaum district of Karnataka, and are therefore particularly remote from major centres of economic investment and industrial activity.

    The current focus of Belgaum district active labour market policies is to attack long-term unemployment by addressing gaps in the employability assets of members of specific client groups. Our research partially supports such an approach. The findings suggest that many job seekers, and particularly the long-term unemployed, have significant gaps in their skills and work experience, limiting their employability.

    A number of general conclusions can be drawn as to potential areas for future policy action. Training strategies seeking to offer a combination of skills development and work experience are justified in targeting disadvantaged groups such as young people and the long-term unemployed, but a similar level of commitment to the delivery of holistic, community based services for all job seekers is required. In particular, localised 'job points', combining the job search assistance currently provided by the Employment Service's programme Centres with an emphasis on social interaction and peer support, may prove to be of considerable value. Only by making such a commitment to dealing with unemployed clients needs can key public agencies hope to bridge the gap between the currently limited role for formal job search services and the informal networks which dominate recruitment and job allocation in rural areas.


    Economic Analysis on HIV-AIDS Epidemic in Belgaum District,Karnataka State.

    Dr.B.S.Kamble.

    Associate Professor of Economics.

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    Economic development is a process of sustained rise in economic agreements and structural changes. Population as a factor unit plays in the growth process through good PQLI. But historical evidences have proved that human recourse has been under trouble and risk by epidemics. The present epidemic HIV-AIDS was originated in South Africa and becomes universal epidemic. India has been also in its clutches. The impotent peculiarity that it attacks on young population between the age group of 15 to 45 years which is national dividend .Once the HIV virus entry the human body, it cannot be separated from the blood and it reduced the CD 4 in the blood. It is non curable and slowly poisoning the infected person he becomes the driver to spread to general population. In the binging this epidemic was in rising trend due to the lack of knowledge and medical invention to control. But since 2004 the operation of internal and international organizations its growth has been drastically declining in each countries of the world. However India is among top 10 countries of the world in its prevalence. Since it has been continuously spreading, the parallel prevention and control programmes and studies are to be activate and remap regularly.

    This study is based on both primary and secondary data covering 10 talukas of the district, 609 high risk population group like truck drivers, students, police constables, general population taken as a sample for evaluating the awareness and prevention measures. As a part of it the present UGC minor research project was under taken to analyses the epidemic status. The project report basically analyzed the HIV AIDS with context to social stigma, its scenario at global, national, state and control, preventions of programs and evaluates the awareness of HIV AIDS epidemic in the Belgaum district of Karnataka state.

    The report is composed with TEN chapters. Chapter I: Introduction. II. HIV-AIDS and Social Stigma. Chapter.III. Extent of HIV-AIDS in the World. IV. Trends in the Growth of HIV-AIDS India. V.Trends in the Growth of HIV-AIDS in Karnataka. VI. HIV-AIDS Cost and Social Overhead. VII. Policies and Programs for Prevention and Control of HIV-AIDS in India. VIII. Policies and Programs for Prevention and Control of HIV-AIDS in Karnataka. IX. Status of HIV-AIDS in Belgaum District. X. Evaluation of Awareness of HIV-AIDS in Belgaum District and XI. Conclusion.


    MEGA CORPORATE RETAIL IN INDIA

    IT’S IMPACT ON SMALL RETAILERS AND CONSUMERS

    DR. V. V. BENGERI

    Principal Investigator

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    Indian retail until recently was dominated 12 million small retail outlets popularly referred to as ‘Kirana Shops’. These sole proprietary retailers had a vice-grip on Indian retail segment. This situation prevailed for century’s to-gether. However, the arrival of big ticket corporate entities in the retail segment, with their considerable financial clout, changed the scenario in a big way.

    It was against this backdrop of imminent struggle between organized and unorganized retailers, this researcher decided to conduct an in depth study of the various facets of corporate retail in India and its impact on small retailers and consumers.

    The main objective of the investigator was to find an incontrovertible answer to the nagging question as to whether high profile corporate retailers will drive small local grocers out of business and snatch the livelihood from their mouths. The objective of the researcher was to find out whether the Indian retail space is vast enough in which both organized and unorganized retailers can coexist and flourish.

    Basically, a research study of this kind is empirical in nature, necessitating both primary and secondary data. It was a sample based socio-economic survey. Secondary data was gathered from published articles and website portals. Primary data were collected by canvassing closed-ended questionnaire-schedules among the selected respondents. Sampling technique employed by the present researcher for gathering primary data was stratified opportune sampling method.

    To analyse the data deliberately simple statistical tools like percentages, tables and simple graphs were used, to make the deductions and interpretations of quantifications easier to understand.

    The project confined itself to the study of only three corporate retail entities, viz.

  • Big Bazaar of Pantaloon Ltd.

  • More for you of Aditya Birla Group

  • Reliance Fresh of Reliance Retail India, Ltd., located in the study area.

  • The sample population selected as respondents for collecting their responses consisted of small retailers likely to have been impacted by the establishment of the ultra modern retail outlets of corporate honcho entities and shoppers who regularly visit these outlets belonging to organised retail sector.

    Respondents sample sizes were:

  • Small retailers   100

  • Consumers        400

  • The study has proved that the apprehension of small retailers that they will be in dire straits and lose their livelihood as a result of corporate retailers is unfounded. By taking certain measures delineated in the chapter ‘suggestions of the researcher’, small retailers can enhance their competitive edge.

    The project has also come to the conclusion that consumers will stand to benefit significantly from the corporate retail boom in the country.

    The most noteworthy finding of the research study is that Indian retail corporates have they proved to the world at large that they can evolve their own indigenous formats and processes to be the globally competent retail chain outlets, without being copy cats.

    The findings of the study are region specific. But since Indian small retailers and consumers throughout the country are nearly uniform in their life styles, consumption and spending pattern, the finding may be generalized also.


    A STUDY OF INVESTMENT IN SECURITIES ADOPTED BY INVESTORS IN BELGAUM CITY

    SHRI. M.A.DOMBAR

    Principal Investigator

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    I am extremely happy to submit to UGC this report on the Minor Research Project carried out by me on ‘A study of investments in securities adopted by the investors in the BELGAUM city’. I am grateful to the University Grants Commission, for sanctioning financial assistance to me to undertake and complete this MRP of vital significance to the present day economy of our emerging nation.

    Indian securities market is playing a vital role the emerging industrial sector to attract the investors by listing their securities. India’s upwardly mobile middle class that constitutes nearly a third of our population was eagerly waiting for the investments of their savings in the profitable avenues. The growth of industrial sector and regulating authorities and legislations has opened new doors for such income group.

    Liberalization, privatization and globalization have opened up the avenues into the wide range of investment areas and financial assets, so that the investors have the better basket of diversified investment. Services of a large numbers of service providers are also available online for the investors. There might be confusion in the minds of the investors while choosing proper portfolio. It calls for the analysis of portfolio components strengths and weaknesses, problems and prospects. Many- a- time people find it difficult in deciding where to invest, when to invest, how much to invest, why to invest and other related aspects. Hence, according to the portfolio investment it is the proper time to study the portfolio investment strategies followed by the investors.

    Almost everyone owns a portfolio of investments. The portfolio is likely to comprise financial assets (bank deposits, bonds, stocks and so on) and real assets (motorcycle, residential house and so on). The portfolio may be the result of a series of haphazard decisions or may be the result of deliberate and careful planning. Economic well being of an investor in the long run depends significantly on how wisely or foolishly they invest.

    The unique goals and circumstances of the investor must also be considered. Some investors are more risk averse than others.Mutual fund has developed the particular techniques to optimize their portfolio holdings

    The main objective of the investigator was to find out uncontrollable answer to the nagging question as whether profile of corporates would drive out of business and snatch the investors of other investment institutes. The objective of the researcher was to find out whether Indian stock market is vast enough in which both Banks, LIC, Gold & Real estate could co-exist and flourish.

    Generally, investors pursue an active stance with respect to security selection. For stock selection, investors commonly go by fundamental analysis and/or technical analysis.

    As a virtue, patience is strangely distributed among investors. Young investors, with all the time in the world to reap the benefits of patients and diligent investing, seem to be the most impatient. They look for instantaneous results and often check prices on a daily basis. Old investors, on the other hand, display a high degree of patience

    Securities markets provide a channel for allocation of savings of an individual or an organization to those who have a productive need for them. So a security market can be said a location where the savers meet the real investors who need fund. The savers and investors are constrained by economy’s abilities to invest and save respectively which thus helps market in enhancing savings and investment in the economy. The dynamics of the economic, political, cultural and environmental activities within the country and rest of the world, therefore, affect the Stock Markets.

    Basically, a research study of this kind is empirical in nature, necessitating both primary and secondary data. It was a sample based socio-economic survey.

    Secondary data was gathered from published articles and website portals. Canvassing closed-ended questionnaire-schedules among the selected respondents collected primary data. Sampling technique employed by the present researcher for gathering primary data was stratified opportune sampling method.

    To analyse the data deliberately simple statistical tools like percentages, tables and simple graphs were used, to make the interpretations of quantifications easier to understand.

    The project confined itself to the study of investors located in the study area.

    The sample population selected as respondents for collecting their responses consisted of different occupation and income group. Census method of investigation is not feasible in this kind of socoi-economic surveys. Hence, the present researcher employed sample study technique. Respondents’ sample size was 300.

    The project work was lasted for more than two years and involves as lot of travelling by roads to interview the respondents. Majority of the respondents made the researcher to visit them again and again. A good number of them viewed us with suspicion. But on being convinced that our work is primarily of academic nature, they opened up and replied to our questions.

    The project has also come to the conclusion that investors will stand to benefit significantly from the stock market in the country.

    The most note worthy finding of the research study is that Indian Stock Market have proved to the world at large that they can evolve their own formats and processes to be the globally competent by entering the top major stock markets in the world.

    The report is divided into seven chapters. They are

  • Statement of the problem and research design

  • Theoretical Background& review of literature

  • Stock market scenario & operations of stock broking firms

  • Profile of the study area viz, Belgaum city

  • Data Analysis and Interpretations

  • Findings and Suggestions

  • Bibliography


  • SYNTHESIS OF NANOCRYSTALLINE LI-NI-CU FERRITES BY CHEMICAL METHOD

    Dr. R.G.Kharabe

    Principal Investigator Dr. R.G.Kharabe

    Ferrites are iron oxide based ceramic ferrimagnetic materials. Magnetic and electric properties are greatly influenced by grain diameter, porosity and microstructure

    Ferrites prepared by ceramic method suffer from chemical non homogeneity due to evaporation of certain elements at high temperature. This leads to less densed ferrites caused by evolution and re-absorption of oxygen

    In the last few years, nanophase and nano structure materials are getting more and more importance because of their potential applications in the field of electronic industry The unique properties and improved performances of nano materials can be achieved by their size, surface morphology and inter particle interactions. In view of this, chemical route has been selected to synthesize Li Ni Cu ferrites to undertake studies on XRD, IR spectra and DC conductivity. The entire work is divided in to three chapters

    Chapter I includes historical background along with explanation of spinel structure and classification of spinel ferrites based on structure and chemical composition. It also deals with applications and orientation of the project.

    Chapter II deals with different methods of preparation of ferrite in particular chemical route. The role of sucrose and PVA is also explained. X-ray diffraction pattern confirms the formation of single phase simple cubic structure of all the samples. The calculated interplanar distances, lattice parameters are comparable to ASTM data. The grain diameter calculated with the help of XRD patterns are of the order of nanometers. This confirms the formation of nano particles. IR spectra displays prominent bands ?1 and ?2 in the range of 400 cm-1 800 cm-1 . The band ?1 is assigned to tetrahedral complexes while ?2 is assigned to octahedral complexes

    Chapter III deals with study on DC resistivity, measured by four probe method from room temperature to 700o C. The plots of log ? VS 1000/T shows break at Curie temperature (Tc). It is due to magnetic disordering with conduction mechanism. The decrease in resistivity with Cu is attributed to n-type conductivity associated with Cu. It is proposed to undertake further work on preparation of nano ferrites by using nitrates and citric acid to achieve better results.




    Details of the Project / Scheme completed or ongoing with P.I.:

    Title of the project:- “ Novel Synthesis, Characterization & Biological Activities of new 1,3,5-Triazine-2,4,6-Trichloride Substituted hetrocyclic derivatives ”

    Prepared under the GUC Minor Research Project- MRP(S)-71/12-13(XII plan)/ KAK019/UGC-SWRO Bangalore dated 24 thSeptember 2013.

     

    P.I.:- Dr.A.S.Jaganure, Associated Professor of Chemistry.

    UGC-MRP: Executive Summary

     

    As a part of UGC minor research project on the topic the Novel Synthesis, Characterization & Biological Activities of some new 1,3,5-Triazine-2,4,6-Trichloride substituted hetrocyclic derivatives was carried by using different hetrocyclic compounds like quinazolinones and thiozoles were used to isolate biological active compounds.

    One of the important property of 1,3,5-traizine-2,4,6-trichloride is to replace one by one chlorine atom of triazine tichloride nucleus by different nucleophiles like –NH2 , -OH , -SH, etc at different temperatures i.e. -5 0C , 20 0C and above 80 0C attracts us to undertake certain reactions . In our work we carried out the replacement of first chlorine atoms by nucleophile and second chlorine atom by quinazolinones and thiozoles nucleus. Some Schemes of synthesized compounds are listed below.

  • Synthesis of (4-Chloro-6-( -4-amino-phenoxy)-[1,3,5] triazin-2-yl ) - (4-phenyl subst-ituted - thiazol-2-yl)- derivative s amine .

  • Synthesis of (4-Chloro-6-phenoxy-[1,3,5] triazin-2-yl)-(4-phenyl substituted - thiazol-2-yl)-amine derivative s.

  • Synthesis of (4-Chloro-6-(-4-anilino)-[1,3,5] triazin-2-yl)-(4-phenyl substituted – thiazol-2-yl)-amine derivatives.

  • Syntheses of some new 2-[4-Chloro-6-(4-nitro-phenoxy)-[1,3,5] triazine-2-ylsulfanyl]-3-phenyl-3H-quinazolin-4-one derivatives

  • Syntheses of 2-[4-Chloro-6-anilin)-[1,3,5] triazine-2-yl-sulfanyl] -3-phenyl-substituted -3H-quinazolin-4-one derivatives.

  • Syntheses of some new 2-[4-Chloro-6-(4-nitro-phenoxy)-[1,3,5] triazine-2-ylsulfanyl]-3-phenyl-3H-quinazolin-4-one derivatives.



  • Conclusion:-

    A total of forty eight different derivatives of hetrocyclic substituted triazine chlorides were synthesized and characterized by using NMR, UV and IR spectra. All synthesized compounds were subjected to biological screening at Department of Microbiology, Maratha Mandals NGH Institute of Dental Science and Research Center, Belagavi. Eight compounds were found Anti-inflammatory active and two compounds were found anti-cancer active.

     

    Principal Investigator

    Dr. Anilkumar. S. Jaganure

    Department of Chemistry,

    K.L.E’s G.I.Bagewadi Arts, Science and Commerce College,

    Nipani – 591 237. Karnataka-INDIA jaganure@gmail.com